Do you know that Rats' front teeth (incisors) grow 5 inches per year? Their teeth grow continuously throughout their life. Therefore, naturally if they don't gnaw on things, their teeth will grow longer than their bodies. This makes them most destructive structural pest.
It is an established fact that rats can cause great destruction with their powerful teeth and jaws -- jaws so powerful that they can bite through lead!
RATS BIOLOGY AND HABITS
Rats are some of the most troublesome and damaging rodents in Singapore. They consume and contaminate food, damage structures and property, and transmit parasites and diseases to other animals and humans. Rats habitat and thrive under different climatic conditions. They are often found in and around homes and other buildings, farms, gardens, etc.
Their nests are built from soft material like paper or grass chewed into small pieces. Rats will climb if necessary to enter a building. Some species of rats are excellent swimmer. The common species of rats found in India are Mus musculus (house mouse), Rattus rattus (roof rat), Mus musculatus (mice) and bandicoots (Big Rats).
Rats of either species, especially young once, can squeeze beneath a door with only a 2 cm gap. If the door is made of wood, the rat may gnaw to enlarge the gap.
Scope of Work
Once the rat menace is identified and the entry point of rats into the building are established, the best suited methodology is adopted with minimal disruption.
Premises where the rat menace is frequent, a sort of Annual Maintenance Contract is entered into with the client. Frequent inspections and services are carried out to prevent their population from growing and check the harborages places. All this follow up and monitoring is possible through frequent visits to the site and hence a Maintenance contract is a must.
A. Trapping: Non Chemical Control
The best options available today are the Rat Glue boards which can be used indoors to capture mice and Rats. We as a professional Pest management Company have services and products to help citizens solve this problem for a better environment.There are several advantages for using rat glue traps:
However, trapping is useless if the procedures to prevent reinfestation are not followed. Moreover there may be a need to have as many as 2-3 dozen rat glue traps set in place in a commercial establishment like factories, warehouses, , production halls etc. By applying these traps with baits like peanut butter or other alluring eatables large population of rats start feeding on it and can be eliminated after trapping.
B. Baiting : Chemical Control
Another popular method is use of Baits to allure them, which is responsible for slow death of rats.
Poison Baits (Rodenticides). Rodenticides are poisons that kill rodents. Depending upon their chemical property and mode of action Rodenticides can be classified into two groups.
Rat poisons or Baits should never be purchased from local hardware stores, feed stores, discount stores, etc. Do not buy unlabeled rat poisons from street vendors or other uncertain sources.
Ideally the job of rats and rodent control should be done by professional and trained pest control operators, as it involves handling of toxic materials.
Rodent baits are used only to supplement the trapping methods. If there is a repeated need to use baits, it is likely that sanitation should be improved. We use only those baiting products which are registered with the Central Insecticide Board (CIB) and the label instructions are strictly followed.
In the case of "multi dose anticoagulants" the active ingredients in baits are used at very low levels, so bait shyness does not occur when using properly formulated baits. Most of these baits cause death only after they are consumed by rats for several days. These baits are always kept in tamper- resistant bait stations .It provides a safeguard for people, pets and other animals. These bait stations are strategically placed on the runways of rats or the openings close to the wall or in other places where rats are active. Wherever possible the applied area is placard as "Caution-Rat Bait" as a safety precaution.